A common blood disorder, anaemia is a condition, wherein, the body of a person has fewer red blood cells than what is necessary, either qualitatively or quantitatively. Majority of the blood comprises of hemoglobin, a molecule found in red blood cells. It carries oxygen from the lungs to the tissues. A deficiency in hemoglobin results in a lack of oxygen in the body.
Loss of blood, Deficient production of red blood cells and/or hemoglobin, Red blood cells being broken down too quickly, Inadequate intake of iron, vitamins and proteins, Lack of hydrochloric acid in the stomach, Intestinal parasites or worms, Certain inherited blood diseases eg. thalassaemia, Lack of Vitamin B12, Liver disease, Long-term heavy alcohol use, Diseases of the bone marrow , Acute blood loss: heavy periods, internal bleeding (ex from stomach ulcer), Chronic renal failure, Endocrine disorders, like low thyroid activity
Weakness, Fatigue, Lack of energy and dizziness, Premature wrinkles, Shortness of breath on exertion, Headache, Slow healing of wounds, Palpitations, Impaired memory and ability to think, Burning sensation in the tongue, Dryness in the mouth and throat, Sores at the corners of lips, Altered sense of touch,Brittle, spoon-shaped nails, with vertical stripes and a tendency to fray.